Worker's Rights


A strong labor force with protected rights is the backbone of our economy.

There is no Hawai‘i law that requires private employers to grant their employees paid or unpaid sick leave, although many employers do grant it as an important benefit. Studies show that businesses benefit when their employees have access to paid sick days. When sick workers are able to stay home, the spread of disease slows and workplaces are both healthier and more productive. Plus, workers recover faster from illness and obtain timely medical care, enabling them to get back to work sooner and holding down health care costs. Yet, nationally, nearly two in five private-sector workers – and nearly half of those who work for smaller businesses – don’t have paid sick days to use to recover from an illness or care for a sick
family member. While many private businesses in Hawai‘i do provide this benefit, we believe that it is a fundamental worker's right that ought to be codified.

In addition to the health benefits of family and medical leave, research indicates that paid leave benefits workers and employers and is good for the economy. Family and medical leave insurance increases labor-force participation. Family and medical leave insurance increases employee retention.

Currently, graduate students are classified as “student help” and cannot organize. Multiple attempts to pass legislation removing graduate students employed by UH from the list of state employees statutorily barred from inclusion in an appropriate bargaining unit have failed, and graduate student workers at UH are facing another year without union representation.

With costs of living in Hawai‘i skyrocketing, it is becoming increasingly impossible for graduate students to survive on the, often, meager income that they receive as graduate or teaching assistants and researchers. In addition to not receiving pay raises, graduate student workers also often face having to pull long hours grading for their professors, working in the lab or teaching courses.

While Hawai‘i maintains its ban on graduate student worker’s right to unionize, other universities across the United States enjoy positive working relationships with graduate student unions that can advocate for graduate student workers, including those at New York University; Columbia University; the entire University of California system and dozens more on the mainland.

Despite paying taxes on their often-insufficient income, graduate student workers in Hawai‘i are considered “student help” by the current legislation and therefore barred from collective bargaining rights alongside “inmates, patients or wards of a state institution,” as stated by the current law. Instead of seeing the graduate student population as a tremendous asset to the State’s economy, the invaluable work that graduate students provide for the functioning of the UH system is not seen as important enough to merit the right to collectively bargain.

YPDA Hawai‘i supports efforts to amend state law to allow graduate student workers the same right to unionize and collectively bargain afforded to other state employees.


SB 425 / HB 986: Requires certain employers with 50 or more employees to provide sick leave to service workers for specified purposes under certain conditions. Defines the terms "service worker" and "employer." Effective January 1, 2018. Testify on this measure.

SB 408 / HB 1362: Establishes a family leave insurance program, which requires employees to make contributions into a trust fund that can be used to provide employees with family leave insurance benefits to care for a designated person. Expands the number of weeks of family leave from four to twelve weeks under the family leave law. Appropriates funds to the department of labor and industrial relations to implement the family leave insurance program. Requires a study to be performed by the department of labor and industrial relations and an actuarial study to be performed by the department of budget and finance. Testify on this measure.

SB 406 / HB 1277: Establishes a collective bargaining unit for full-time graduate student assistants employed by the University of Hawaiʻi. Delays formation of the graduate student assistant collective bargaining unit until 7/1/2018. Testify on this measure.

More information

Graduate Students Should Be Allowed to Unionize in Hawaii, But Legislation Failed

UH Mānoa Graduate Student Organization